ON THE 110TH BIRTH ANNIVERSARY
IN HONOR OF
MADAME CHIEN-SHIUNG WU
Madame Chien-Shiung Wu 吴健雄
May 31, 1912 - February 16, 1997
About C.S. Wu
Chien-Shiung Wu (Chinese: 吳健雄; pinyin: Wú Jiànxióng; Wade–Giles: Wu2 Chien4-hsiung2; May 31, 1912 – February 16, 1997) was a Chinese-American particle and experimental physicist who made deep contributions in the fields of nuclear and particle physics. Madame Wu studied physics and graduated from National Central University (NCU) in 1934. After 1949, the name NCU was morphed into Nanjing University.
During WWII, Wu as a physicist at Columbia University participated in the Manhattan Project, where she according to various sources played an important role. (www.atomicheritage.org and www.washingtonpost.com). She became a household name in the global scientific communities for her experimental verification the theoretical proposal by Tsung-Dao Lee and Chen-Ning Yang that parity is not conserved. This discovery of Wu resulted in Lee and Yang winning the 1957 Nobel Prize in Physics. Wu was awarded the inaugural Wolf Prize in Physics in 1978. She also became the president of the American Physical Society, a society with nearly 50,000 members from all corners of the world. Her distinction in experimental physics which allows the scientific world to turn a page on the understanding of our physical universe, and evoked comparisons to Marie Curie. To this end, her nicknames include the "First Lady of Physics", the "Chinese Madame Curie" and the "Queen of Nuclear Research"
On February 11 of 2021, the U.S. Postal Service issued the Chien-Shiung Wu commemorative stamp to honor her as “one of the most influential nuclear physicists of the 20th century”.
The year of 2022 is the 110th anniversary of Madame Chien-Shiung Wu.
For these reasons, in this year of 2022, Nanjing University Alumni Association United States (NUAAUS) will organize a grand global on-line academic forum to honor Madame C. S. Wu’s 110th anniversary.
NUAAUS has been authorized to use the stamp's design for commemorating Madame Wu, and promoting the event. All copyright is reserved to USPS.
Copyright belongs to USPS
Illustration by Jennifer Dionisio for TIME. All right belongs to the author.